Archive for the ‘Blogs to Read’ Category
Acemoglu/Robinson in their recent post:
Nestling at the Southern end of the Persian Gulf is the modern nation of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The UAE was formed in 1971 from the amalgamation of seven different independent sheikdoms which had previously been part of a British protectorate called the Trucial States. The largest of these seven are Abu Dhabi and Dubai. Today the UAE is an oil fueled development success with astonishing urban development in Abu Dhabi and Dubai, the latter currently boasting the world’s tallest building. You can see signs of the remarkable transformation in the city state in the last 50 years in this picture.
But this was not always the case, even after the oil came on stream…
Read the post for more details..Fab as always
We keep mentioning about the interesting findings and applications of behavioral economics. However, how does one really fit the findings in other economic streams? If one brings the irrationality assumption in say Price theory, how will graphs etc change. You get some idea here as Prof Woolley links to welfare economics.
The case here is banning large sodas. Typically welfare economics assumes rational behavior. So banning large sodas leads to demand being higher than supply, leading to deadweight loss:
This blog was a supporter of the charter-cities project floated by Prof. Romer. It got some support from Honduras which became the first country to allow chart-cities. There were some grand plans to get the project going with things like transparency commission with people like George Akerlof, Romer, Nacy Birdsall of CGDEV etc. The region selected to develop charter-city was called REDs. The color RED got another meaning…
There were sceptics from day one over the project which grew once Honduras was selected as the first country for experimentation.
Acemoglu/Robinson in their wnf blog have been running series of posts on central planning.
They started the topic in early August questioning why Soviet Union picked up central planning which was inefficient way to create institutions. The usual theme is that Bolsheviks were influenced by Marx and hence implemented central planning in USSR. So it is seen that central planning existed because of Marxian ideology.
You knew back even then A/R duo would be unimpressed and point instead to the role of political power and centralised institutions in picking central planning.
So, in the recent post they say central planning existed because of control:
The association between horses and wealth was forged millennia ago. In fact, the first people known to celebrate hierarchies of power, whose inequalities of wealth were integral to their society and culture—the people you could call the first 1 percent—were the first people to ride horses.
Horse domestication occurred before written history and left few clear archaeological remains. Based on Sumerian seals with the earliest known depictions of people on horseback, riding has traditionally been dated to the Bronze Age, around 2000 B.C., in Mesopotamia.
Read the piece for further details..
There has been super fireworks following Romney’s remarks in recent Israel visit.
He gave reasons why Israel has developed and Palestine has not:
I was thinking this morning as I prepared to come into this room of a discussion I had across the country in the United States about my perceptions about differences between countries. And as you come here and you see the GDP per capita for instance in Israel which is about 21,000 dollars and you compare that with the GDP per capita just across the areas managed by the Palestinian Authority which is more like 10,000 dollars per capita you notice a dramatic, stark difference in economic vitality. And that is also between other countries that are near or next to each other. Chile and Ecuador, Mexico and the United States.
He cites culture as one of the main reason for development.
Culture makes all the difference. And as I come here and I look out over this city and consider the accomplishments of the people of this nation, I recognize the power of at least culture and a few other things.
He also cites work of Jared Diamond and Steven Landes as well. Read the post for more details.
This has led to some interesting discussion:
- Acemoglu/Robinson on Why Nations fail blog react saying culture is not the reason. They of course list the importance of education and institutions for Israel’s development. For Palestine they are not sure.
Jared Diamond clarifies that Romney got his book/research wrong. And even Landes’s book. He stresses on the importance of geography in development (which Acemoglu does not agree to). And within geog, you have many factors - latitude, access to sea, agriculture.
Though I do not agree to Diamond’s comments on India:
What does this mean for Americans? Can we assume that the United States, blessed with temperate location and seacoasts and navigable rivers, will remain rich forever, while tropical or landlocked countries are doomed to eternal poverty?
Of course not. Some tropical and subtropical countries have become richer despite geographic limitations. They’ve invested in public health to overcome their disease burdens (Botswana and the Philippines). They’ve invested in crops adapted to the tropics (Brazil and Malaysia). They’ve focused their economies on sectors other than agriculture (Singapore and Taiwan).
Conversely, geographic advantages don’t guarantee permanent success, as the growing difficulties in Europe and America show. We Americans fail to provide superior education and economic incentives to much of our population. India, China and other countries that have not been world leaders are investing heavily in education, technology and infrastructure. They’re offering economic opportunities to more and more of their citizens. That’s part of the reason jobs are moving overseas. Our geography won’t keep us rich and powerful if we can’t get a good education, can’t afford health care and can’t count on our hard work’s being rewarded by good jobs and rising incomes.
Not sure where that analysis on India came from.
Krugman reacts to his Poland visit remarks.
Here is a recent report on job creation from Romney’s econ advisers. The advisers are all top names – Glenn Hubbard of Columbia University’s , Greg Mankiw of Harvard University, John Taylor of Stanford University and Kevin Hassett, of the American Enterprise Institute. They should be offering to write statements as well for Romney.
Whatever the criticism, many things to learn and debate from all this discussion. Keep them coming Gov. Romney!!
A super post on econ history by Catherine Rampell of Economix Blog.
She puts up a photo of a NY Herald clip of 1837 which is just amazing and so true even today.