Ideas also matter for catch up growth

Paul Romer in his new paper (HT: Charter cities blog) points to the importance of ideas in emerging economies’ catch up growth phase.

Economists devote too much attention to international flows of goods and services and not enough to international flows of ideas. Traditional trade flows are an imperfect substitute for flows of the underlying ideas. The simplest textbook trade model shows that a welfare-enhancing move toward freer flows of ideas should be associated with a reduction in conventional trade. The large quantitative effect from the flow of ideas is evident in the second half of the 20th century as the life expectancies in poor and rich countries began to converge.

Another example comes from China, where authorities dramatically reduced accident rates by adopting rules of civil aviation that were developed in the United States.

All economists, including trade economists, would be better equipped to talk about international flows of technologies and rules if they adopted a consistent vocabulary based on the concepts of nonrivalry and excludability. An analysis of the interaction between rules and technologies may help explain important puzzles such as why private firms have successfully diffused some technologies (mobile telephony) but not others (safe municipal water.)

A very interesting paper which partitions ideas into rules and technologies. It then shows how incentives matter in flow of both rules and technologies to developing economies. Where incentives are well-defined and known, the adaptation of rules and technologies work and vice versa. So, it not just about trade of goods, services etc but about ideas as well.

These papers take you to a different level of thinking. You are pushed to think on so many things.

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