Archive for May 20th, 2013

Did the Metro help reduce air pollution in Delhi?

May 20, 2013

Deepti Goel of DSE (a dear friend) and Sonam Gupta of Univ of Florida have been doing research on this very important topic.

They share the findings in Mint’s column:

(more…)

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The Uses of Biography and the History of Economics

May 20, 2013

A nice paper on history of economic thought by Susan Howson of Univ of Toronto.  The paper mainly covers her approach towards writing bio of Lionel Robbins. However, in the process it shares insights on how biographies help understand history of economics better:

I was asked to speak at this year’s [2012] HETSA meetings because my biography of Lionel Robbins was published late last year. I shall indeed talk about some of my experiences in researching and writing this biography. Since the theme of the conference is the future of the history of economics, I shall also try to illustrate just how useful archival sources can be for historians of economics – not just in writing an economist’s biography but in the study of the history of economics more generally. In the last decade there have become available the personal and professional papers of many other important 20th century economists. These should provide a rich resource for historians of economics interested in the development of economics in the twentieth century for many years to come.

Decent read…

Honeybee Economics – Implications for Ecology Policy

May 20, 2013

What a brilliant paper by Vesa Kanniainen of University of Helsinki, Tuula Lehtonen  of Finnish Beekeepers’ Association and Ilkka Mellin  of Aalto University.

It tells you about so many things about economics using honeybees and their activity at the centre. It tells you about economic systems, leadership, externalities (positive ones), work ethics and what not:

For thousands of years, humans have known the value of honeybees in agriculture. Their pollination services are crucial for the mankind, the Global ecosystem and food production. The recently documented decline of the honeybee colonies in the world is alarming and may threaten the whole living nature. To develop a proper policy intervention, the economic analysis can be employed to develop Honeybee Economics. Such an endeavour reveals striking efficiencies of honeybee societies in terms of division of labor, the pleasure of work, career development, information sharing, and extreme altruism. A communist society, however, comes at a cost. Strict policing in management of the genetic interest conflicts is unavoidable in terms of workers’ dictatorship with a rather limited power allocated to the Monarch.

In our paper, the economy of honeybees is analyzed in terms of an implicit labor contract with a farmer. It is a two-output economy: the honeybees not only produce honey but are engaged in Pareto-efficient exchange with flowering plants including procurer and provision of pollination services. This benefits the whole nature. Markets for pollination services exist only in limited areas, for example in the Western United States. The missing market makes the pollination an externality. In their principal-agent relationship with the farmer, the working effort of honeybees appears a virtue in the spirit of the Calvinist Ethics. The industry is subject of substantial risks. The risk aversion creates a wedge between the expected market price and the production cost. The risks are reflected in volatility in the pollination services reducing the consumers’ welfare. Data on honey production, a complement to the pollution services, is used to examine the magnitude of risks and the potential cycles. Both the externality, the industry risks and the risk aversion speak for taxing consumers and subsidizing producers as the solution for the optimal tax problem.

Though the paper is on technical side. However, students could be given this paper in the class to work simultaneously on econ and math lessons. The paper moves interestingly from one aspect of honeybee econmics to other ….I would love to be part of such a class and sort some math..

 


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