Nice article by Mark Mills.
He says there was a time when top tech firms apart from making money also led to some amazing discoveries. We don’t see the same in today’s top firms:
When it comes to technology and money, all roads lead to Silicon Valley. But when it comes to support for world-changing science, today’s tech leaders think small. The world awaits the first Nobel Prize for a Google, Apple, or Amazon scientist, or for a researcher funded by any Silicon Valley company. It could be a long wait, given the paltry spending by leading tech companies on the kind of basic science that fuels revolutions and changes civilization.
Compare and contrast: Bell Labs was just 12 years old when one of its scientists won the 1937 Nobel Prize in physics. Bell researchers went on to receive a total of eight Nobels, equaling the historic record of Cornell University and topping Princeton by one (counting science prizes). Five Nobels have gone to researchers at IBM’s labs, established in 1945 to pursue not just new products but also pure science.
The Nobel is just one metric, but it’s a powerful indicator of an institution’s culture and vision. If you google the histories of any of yesterday’s tech giants, from Bell Labs and IBM to GE, DuPont, RCA, Xerox PARC, Ford, and Exxon (one of whose scientists discovered the lithium battery), you’ll find long lists of foundational discoveries in basic materials and science, comparable with those of top research universities. By comparison, today’s accomplishments from Silicon Valley firms are all about products: self-driving cars, clever Apps, thinner smartphones, drones, robotic warehouses, virtual-reality goggles, or a $100,000 electric car.
When Apple reported a $500 million jump in R&D spending for the first quarter of this year, Valley watchers tweeted that something “positively massive” and “disruptive” might be on the horizon—maybe an electric car or a 3-D TV. After all, a mere $150 million bump in Apple’s R&D helped launch the iPhone. But none of these fascinating products rise to the disruptive class of, for example, the first transistor, the first computer or laser, the genome, the semiconductor, the photoelectric effect, the mechanism underlying photosynthesis, or the mathematics of game theory—to say nothing of formulating the laws of electromagnetism or quantum mechanics.
It’s not that disruption (possibly the second most over-used tech word, after “awesome”) isn’t wired into Silicon Valley’s ecosystem. But foundational economic and social transformations don’t come from making products to compete with cab or power companies; they come from basic research that radically advances our understanding of—and thus derivatively, our ability to manipulate and literally engineer—nature’s underlying laws and materials. The apotheosis of such progress is the domain of the Nobel Prizes.
It is time for today’s tech giants to expand their vision in a way that would win a few Nobels. They need to step up, be bold, and make history by launching a major initiative to invest in basic science. This is a critical time. America has exhausted the extant model, dating back to World War II, for funding basic research. Our overall spending on basic research has been declining, a fact highlighted by the broad coalition of universities and researchers that has launched The Innovation Deficit project.
Hmm. Didn’t know Bell Lab researchers won eight nobels. That is some contribution. At the end of the day, much of so called economic progress is very closely related to technological progress as well. Economists hijack all the attention for the progress but real push comes from scientists who keep looking at ways to improve human life.
How about Indian Silicon Valley? We are nowhere in the picture. We just seem to be interested in meeting earning targets and pleasing investors..