How to ensure incumbents are not reelected so easily…

Interesting bit of advice from Hans Gersbach. Something India’s election commission should look at:

The core idea pursued here is to tie the vote-share for re-election to the one obtained in election and to compare the candidate’s re-electoral performance with his own previous electoral result. If we extend this rule to more than one re-election, it would work as follows: instead of simply having to gain more votes than his challenger, an incumbent’s vote-share in re-election should never fall below his previous electoral performance. Such a rule would preserve those effects of the incumbency advantages that are beneficial to society4 and mitigate the office-holders’ incentives to reduce his efforts. In short, I suggest tying re-election to the incumbent’s electoral history.
Discusses both merits and demerits of the idea..

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