The Scandinavian fantasy: The sources of intergenerational mobility in Denmark and the US
Rasmus Landersø and James Heckman poke holes at the Scandinavian economic model:
The Scandinavian model of social welfare is often contrasted favourably with the US model in terms of promoting social mobility across generations. This column investigates the accuracy of these claims, focusing on the case of Denmark. Denmark invests heavily in child development, but then undoes the beneficial effects by providing weak labour market incentives for its children to attend school compared to the US. This helps explain why the influence of family background on educational attainment is similar in the two countries.
There is never a black and white answer here. It is all shades of grey. Depends on what you value more..