Interesting piece by Gangadhar S Patil & Saurabh Sharma:
As India’s most populous state, Uttar Pradesh (UP) has the highest number of assembly seats in the country–404–and-fourth of all unrecognised political parties (1,786) in the country (a party can be registered but unrecognised). Among its 474 unrecognised political parties are sundry small outfits vying for seats against the bigwigs–the Bharatiya Janata Party, Samajwadi Party, Congress and Bahujan Samaj Party.
Why have these parties? They act as spoilsport for big parties by capturing some voteshare. Also they act as vehicles for money laundering. It is for nothing that UP remains the political bastion of India. In other places, people innovate across businesses, in UP the innovation is mostly seen around political affairs..