Archive for July 30th, 2021

Sovereign issuers explore digital options to raise funds

July 30, 2021

Philip Moore in this OMFIF piece points to how some governments are going the digital route to raise funds:

When it launched its first digital bond on a public blockchain in April, the European Investment Bank provided a glimpse into how primary markets for sovereign and supranational borrowers may function in years to come. Arranged by Goldman Sachs, Santander and Société Générale, the €100m two-year bond was launched in partnership with Banque de France as part of its experiment on the use of central bank digital currencies for settling bonds.

Panellists at a recent OMFIF meeting on sovereign debt agreed that this pilot transaction had been a success. ‘It went very smoothly,’ said Christian Kopf, head of fixed income at Union Investment Group, which participated in the deal. ‘We went through the entire process at Union and settled without any problem. It’s a promising development, although I’m still unsure about how the issue of counterparty risk will be dealt with in the secondary market.’

The Banque de France followed up at the end of June with a simulated sale of a fungible Treasury bond (or Obligations Assimilables du Trésor) on a permissioned blockchain. The experiment was followed by several secondary market operations performed on these bonds. Cash settlements were simulated by a CBDC issued on the blockchain. The experiment required the development and deployment of smart contracts so that the Banque de France could issue and control the circulation of CBDC tokens and ensure that their transfer takes place simultaneously with the delivery of the OATs into the investors’ portfolio.

Shizo Kanakuri: The Man Who Took 54 Years To Complete An Olympic Marathon

July 30, 2021

What an article in Madras Courier.

A marathon race stretches over 42.925 kilometres or 26.2 miles. On average, people take about four to five hours to complete it. However, Shizo Kanakuri took 54 years. You are about to read the fascinating life-story of Shizo who collapsed in the olympics and then mysteriously vanished.

Long-term effects of the Inca Road

July 30, 2021

Ana Paula Franco, Sebastian Galiani and Pablo Lavado in this voxeu research:


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